agreements or concerted practices between two or more undertakings, each of which operates at another level of the production or distribution chain for the purposes of the agreement and relating to the conditions under which the parties may buy, sell or resell certain goods or services. © European Commission If it is confirmed that the contracting parties operate at different levels of negotiation for the purposes of an agreement and that the agreement has an impact on trade, the procedure for assessing the vertical agreement provided for in Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union is broadly as follows: if these conditions are not met, such vertical restraints are exempted from the exemption by the Regulation. However, the Regulation remains applicable to the remaining part of the vertical agreement if that part can operate independently of the non-exempted vertical restraints. A vertical agreement is covered by this Regulation if neither the supplier nor the buyer of the goods or services has a market share exceeding 30%. For the supplier, its market share in the relevant delivery market, that is to say.dem the market on which it sells the goods or services, is decisive for the application of the block exemption. For the buyer, his market share on the relevant purchase market, that is to say, .dem market on which he purchases the goods or services, is decisive for the application of the Regulation. Only where a contextual assessment has a `sufficiently harmful` effect on competition (or the absence of credible extinguishing elements) can an agreement legally be regarded as `for purposes` within the meaning of Article 101(1). 1 TFEU.  There are cases where certain types of agreements do not automatically fall within the scope of Article 101 TFEU, for example.B. For example, a consumer electronics manufacturer could enter into a vertical agreement with a retailer under which the retailer would advertise its products against a price drop. Franchising is a form of vertical agreement that falls within the scope of Article 101 under EU competition law.
 In addition, vertical agreements appear to be more effective in commercial activities. The most frequent vertical restraints are as follows: some vertical agreements may contain restrictions incompatible with Article 101 TFEU. These are agreements which contain provisions: however, vertical agreements may involve competition risks if, for example. B barriers to entry multiply if competition is reduced or mitigated, and other possibilities if horizontal agreements are facilitated.  An agreement between a manufacturer of spare parts and a buyer who integrates these parts into its own products must not prevent or restrict the sale of these spare parts by the manufacturer to end-users, independent repairers or service providers. Vertical agreements are widely accepted, as they impose fewer competition concerns than horizontal agreements. Horizontal agreements are concluded between two current or potential competitors. The Regulation provides for a block exemption from Article 101(1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union for vertical agreements* which meet certain requirements. Such agreements may, for example, help a manufacturer to open up a new market or prevent a distributor from `freely conducting` the advertising activities of another distributor or allowing a supplier to be able to amortize an investment made for a given customer. . . .